Below you can find various reports on sentencing and incarceration:
Race and Sentencing in Vermont, Robin Weber, Crime Research Group, Revised October, 2015 (Vermont)
This report was mandated in Act 134, 2012. The following questions were posed:
(1) How do the sentences of people of particular census categories, in the aggregate and by national incident-based reporting system race data fields (NIBRS), which currently include white, black, Asian, Native American or Alaskan Native, and Hispanic, compare to the sentences of white defendants with respect to sentence type, length of sentence, and level of restriction?
(2) How does the actual time spent by people of particular census categories, in the aggregate and by NIBRS race data fields, under department of corrections’ supervision (and the degree of restriction) compare to the time spent by (and the degree of restriction of) white defendants?
(3) If disparate sentencing patterns or disparate service patterns exist for people of particular census categories, in the aggregate and by NIBRS race data fields, what variables included in the study design explain the disparity?
There are several decision making points in the criminal justice system. A person decides to report a crime, a police officer decides to investigate and arrest, the prosecutor decides whether to charge and what to charge. After all of those decisions, and a finding of guilt, comes the decision to sentence; this report focuses only on that decision.